Shoulder pain a common problem with many different causes. In younger people, shoulder pain is more likely to be the result of an injury whereas in older people shoulder pain is often due to wear and tear, which naturally occurs as we age. The shoulder joint is complex and is made up of several components including the glenohumeral joint, the sternoclavicular joint, the acromioclavicular joint and the scapulothoracic joint. Strong ligaments, tendons and muscles support the shoulder to give it both its stability and its large range of mobility.
Shoulder pain may arise from an acute trauma or injury such as a ligament sprain, muscle strain, labral tear, fracture or dislocation. More chronic shoulder pain may be the result of arthritis, frozen shoulder, rotator cuff tendonitis or bursitis. Sometimes pain felt at the shoulder may be referred pain from the joints, nerves and muscles of the neck or referred from organs such as the heart, lungs and gall bladder. Given the many possible causes of shoulder pain, an accurate diagnosis is essential for proper management or referral to another health professional if warranted.
The chiropractors at Southern Region Chiropractic Mittagong and Goulburn first focus on diagnosing the cause of a patient’s shoulder pain in order to determine the best evidence-based treatment approach. This diagnosis is made after the chiropractor has taken a detailed history and performed a thorough examination. Treatment may include joint mobilisation or manipulation, soft tissue release, dry needling, advice on pain relieving methods, ergonomic and activity modification advice, and the prescription of home exercises. The use of these techniques varies depending on the patient’s age, health and their personal preferences.